" Diabetes is a major cause of kidney failures, heart attacks, stroke, blindness and lower limb amputation."
In 2019, there were about 463 million people living with diabetes and this number is predicted to rise to 700 million by 2045. Up to 4.2 million people die from diabetes every year. It is the biggest health issue of the twenty-first century. In 2015, 88 million people age 18 and older in the USA have a prediabetic condition characterised by the higher than normal blood sugar level. With the global rise in obesity, million children and teenagers have been affected by diabetes too.
Diabetes and Covid-19 Death Rate
The recent study in the UK based on the data of 23,698 people who have died from covid-19 in the hospital showed that a third of them (33.2%) had diabetes. Another study showed that covid-19 mortality rate can be as high as 52% among people with heart conditions. Diabetes is known to cause heart disease. Diabetics tend to have high blood pressure due to the hardening of the arteries, known as Atherosclerosis.
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How Diabetes Affects Your Health
Diabetes is a major cause of kidney failures, heart attacks, stroke, blindness and lower limb amputation. In healthy individuals, after eating, glucose is turned into energy to fuel the body. This process is made possible by the presence of a hormone called Insulin. Without insulin, glucose can't be turned into energy; hence, it is circulating in the blood. This causes blood sugar level to rise.
People who suffer from diabetes either their body can't produce insulin (type 1 diabetes) or doesn't produce enough insulin (type 2 diabetes).
Type 1 diabetes is usually a genetic condition that often occurs since childhood. Although some type 1 diabetics still produce a tiny amount of insulin in their body, they need to take insulin everyday to help control their blood sugar level.
Type 2 diabetes is usually the result of unhealthy diet, excess body weight and lack of physical activity. In type 2 diabetics, although their body may produce enough insulin, their body may resist the effects of insulin.
Without proper treatment and lifestyle changes, both type 1 and type 2 diabetics will have high blood sugar levels. Chronic high blood sugar levels trigger inflammation in the body. Left untreated, chronic inflammation will cause serious damages including:
- Poor vision and blindness
- Kidney failure
- Heart disease and stroke
- Various mental disorders such as depression and anxiety
- Chronic ulcers and foot infections that can cause amputation
- Premature death
In 2019 alone, there were about 4.2 million deaths associated with diabetes. Sadly, this annual mortality is likely going to rise further along with the number of people who develop diabetes every year.
How Diabetes Affects Your Skin
Collagen and elastin are the two major skin components that give skin its youthfulness. Collagen provides strength and firmness, while elastin provides elasticity and spring back to your skin.
Both collagen and elastin are formed of amino acids (protein). When there is high presence of sugar in your body, this sugar attacks the protein through a process known as Glycation. As a result, it damages the skin's collagen and elastin fibres, causing the appearance of wrinkles and sagging skin.
Diabetics tend to have dry skin. As their body tries to remove the excess sugar from the blood through increasing urination, diabetics are prone to dehydration. Their skin is more likely to suffer from dryness and sensitivity. High blood sugar levels are also known to damage blood vessels, hence, the skin will not get enough nutrients to stay healthy.
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How to Prevent Premature Ageing and Death Due To Diabetes
There are no cure yet for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes; however, with the right treatment and lifestyle changes, diabetics can live a healthy life. If you are concerned that you may have been affected by diabetes, follow the advice below:
1. Seek a Medical Help
It is estimated that there were about 232 million people living with undiagnosed diabetes in 2019. If you think that you may have diabetes, you should seek a medical help sooner rather than later. Early diagnosis and treatment help prevent damage to your body.
2. Maintain a healthy weight
The risk of catching diabetes is higher if you are overweight, therefore, it is best to maintain a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercises.
3. Reduce sugar, carbohydrate and fat intake
Even if you are not overweight, it is still important to have a healthy diet and limit the consumption of sugar, carbohydrates and saturated fats. It is very important for diabetics and prediabetics to control the calorie intake. Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains that are high in fibres to make you feel full for longer.
4. Take care of your skin as early as possible
Take care of your skin as early as possible to maintain its youthfulness and slow down the skin ageing process. If you suffer from prominent wrinkles, lines and sagging skin, try the award-winning Bio-Collagen Serum. Formulated using the cutting-edge 24-karat gold nanotechnology and pure botanical extracts, this anti-ageing serum helps renew the appearance of your skin. Use Bio-Collagen Serum on freshly-cleansed skin every morning and evening, underneath your moisturiser. Regular daily use will make your skin look firmer, more radiant and lifted with an even, youthful complexion.
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Henry Tianus is a multi-award-winning Anti-Ageing Scientist based in London, UK. Henry Tianus has been listed as The Recognised Institute Practitioner at The Institute of Traditional Herbal Medicine and Aromatherapy (ITHMA), London (UK) since 2005. Henry Tianus's articles have been read by people in more than 100 countries with USA and UK at the top of the list. Join Henry Tianus eNewsletter to receive the latest health and wellbeing tips.
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Resveratrol Reduces Signs of Ageing From Wrinkles to Pigmentation
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Cacay Oil Proven To Reduce Wrinkles and Pigmentation Spots
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Scientific Sources: Is Diabetes Becoming the Biggest Epidemic of the Twenty-first Century?, International Journal of Health Sciences, 2007 Jul: 1(2): V–VIII; Diabetes UK www.diabetes.org.uk; Diabetes Australia www.diabetesaustralia.com.au; Glycation during human dermal intrinsic and actinic ageing: an in vivo and in vitro model study, Bristol Journal of Dermatology, 23 December 2001; Diabetes facts & figures, 12/02/2020, International Diabetes Federation; Diabetes, 8 June 2020, World Health Organization; NHSE Statistics on Coronavirus Deaths in People with Diabetes, 27-05-2020, Diabetes UK; Associations of type 1 and type 2 diabetes with COVID-19-related mortality in England: a whole-population study, 13/08/2020, The Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology; The Case Fatality Rate in COVID-19 Patients With Cardiovascular Disease: Global Health Challenge and Paradigm in the Current Pandemic, Current Pharmacology Reports, 2020 Sep 15 : 1–10.