Rose oil and extract are usually extracted from the flower of Rosa Damascena or Rosa Centifolia plant. However, for therapeutic medicinal purposes, the oil and extract of Rosa Damascena seem to be superior than the ones of other rose plants.
The Chemistry of Rose Oil and Extract
Terpenes and Polyphenols are the two most important components of Rose oil and extract.
Terpenes are phytochemicals with strong analgesic and relaxing properties. Due to their terpenes content, Rose oil and extract are beneficial in the treatment of pain, anxiety and depression. Another well-known plant which contains terpenes is cannabis plant.
The main phenolic compounds in Rose oil and extract such as Glycosides, Flavonoids, Anthocyanins, are known to have strong antioxidant properties. In the recent studies, it has been reported that antioxidants, particularly flavonoids, may also have analgesic effects.
The polyphenols content of Rose oil and extract have been the major contributor to their therapeutic effects.
The Therapeutic Uses of Rose Oil and Extract
1. For The Treatment of Pain
The oil and extract of Rose flowers are often used for the treatment of chest and abdominal pains including menstrual cramp.
2. For The Treatment of Depression and Anxiety
Due to their relaxing and calming properties, Rose oil and extract may be used to ease depression and anxiety. Rose oil has been used widely in aromatherapy for many different purposes. Some studies highlighted the effectiveness of aromatherapy for the treatment of depression and anxiety symptoms.
3. For The Healthy Functioning of Brain
Rose extract seems to support the healthy functioning of brain. A recent study showed the potential use of Rose extract for the treatment of dementia.
4. For The Treatment of Diseases Caused by Virus and Bacteria
Some studies highlighted the antiviral and antibacterial properties of Rose extract, particularly those of Rosa Damascena. The antiviral effects of Rose extract may be beneficial for the treatment of HIV infection.
5. For The Treatment of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress
It has been reported that the extract of Rose Damascena has high antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities that may be useful for the treatment of inflammation and free radical induced diseases including premature skin ageing and diabetes.
The Cosmetic and Skincare Uses of Rose Oil and Extract
Thanks to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, both Rose oil and extract are great skincare ingredients. For best results, I prefer to use the rose extract from Rosa Damascena species, particularly the one from Bulgaria. Bulgaria is known to have the best soil and climate for growing rose plants.
Rose extract is one of the key ingredients in three award-winning skincare products.
First, Rose and Cacay Hydrating Cream. This light and luxurious, two-in-one serum and moisturiser is suitable for all skin types. It helps boost skin hydration, calm sensitivity and promote a radiant complexion.
Second, Bio-Collagen Serum. Specially formulated for mature and premature ageing skin, this extra firming and lifting serum helps restore skin's elasticity, resilience and youthfulness. Formulated with one of the most powerful antioxidants, Resveratrol, naturally found in the skin of red grape. Studies showed that Resveratrol helps prevent skin damage caused by free radicals, pollution and UV radiation.
Third, Bio-Collagen Ageless Cream. Luxuriously rich yet easily absorbed by the skin, this super-concentrated restorative cream has been formulated with 10 bioactives to boost skin renewal and deeply plump up the appearance of skin. It helps lighten the appearance of wrinkles, lines and age spots while also reduces the look of sagging skin.
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Rose Gold Antioxidant Youthful Serum with 24-karat nano gold, rose extract, allantoin, pro-vitamin B5, saccharide isomerate, prickly pear and cacay oil to help prevent premature skin ageing and reduce the existing signs of ageing.
Bio-Renewal Face Oil, a rejuvenating radiance oil with blue chamomile, frankincense, coenzyme Q10, cacay and rosehip oil to boost skin radiance, even out complexion and minimise the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines and age spots.
Nano Gold Nourishing Cream with 24-karat colloidal gold, shea butter, rosehip and rice bran oil to prevent skin dryness and minimise the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.
Ultra Smoothing Cellulite Serum Oil with vitamin E, menthol, palmarosa, grapefruit, lemon, rosemary, black pepper and sweet fennel essential oils to firm and smooth the appearance of orange-peel skin.
Bio-Collagen Serum, an award-winning rejuvenating lifting serum with ultra-low-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid, coenzyme Q10, ferulic acid, resveratrol, vitamin E, nano gold particles, rose and scutellaria extract.
Melt Away, a Triple Action Facial Cleanser that can also be used as a makeup remover, deep-cleansing mask and gentle exfoliator.
Hair Growth Serum, a scalp revitaliser for thinning hair with caffeine, niacinamide, menthol, rosemary, thyme, ylang ylang and cedarwood essential oils to reduce hair loss and stimulate hair growth.
Hair Loss Solution for Men and Women, a set of thinning hair treatment products to rejuvenate hair follicles and stimulates hair growth.
Antioxidant Youthful Essence, a multi-award-winning Anti-Pollution Hydrating Mist with allantoin, panthenol, turmeric, ginkgo and blue chamomile essential oil to protect skin from free radicals and pollutants.
Gentle Eye Cream with caffeine and rosehip oil to reduce signs of ageing and get rid of puffy eyes and dark circles.
Flower Essence Hydra-Calming Toner with a synergistic blend of nine flower extracts to gently awaken the sense and instantly freshen tired skin.
Bio-Collagen Ageless Cream, an extra firming and lifting cream with ultra-low-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid, niacinamide, n-acetyl glucosamine, coenzyme Q10, argan oil, shea butter, 24-karat gold nanoparticles, vitamin E, gotu kola and rose extract.
Scalp Stimulator, a pre-shampoo hair root activator for thinning hair with cannabis sativa, rice bran, menthol, vitamin E, rosemary, cedarwood, thyme, ylang ylang and lemon essential oils to revitalise hair follicles and boost hair growth.
Overnight Skin Perfector, an advanced complexion repair serum with blue chamomile, liquorice root, panthenol, alpha and beta hydroxy acids to boost cell renewal, even out skin tone and diminish the look of wrinkles and lines.
Rose and Cacay Hydrating Cream, the award-winning antioxidant hydrating moisturiser with rose extract, cacay oil and saccharide isomerate to boost skin's hydration levels, plump up and reduce the appearance of wrinkles and lines.
Hydra Calm, a two-in-one Ultra Comforting Cleansing Cream and Soothing Mask to remove all traces of dirt including makeup, or alternatively to hydrate and comfort sensitive skin.
Blemish Clearing Serum, a 2% Salicylic Acid Solution to unclog congested pores, regulate sebum production and renew the appearance of blemished skin.
Sources: Therapeutic efficacy of rose oil: A comprehensive review of clinical evidence, Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine (AJP), 2017 May-Jun: 7(3): 206–213; Pharmacological Effects of Rosa Damascena, Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 2011 Jul-Aug: 14(4): 295–307; The Effectiveness of Aromatherapy for Depressive Symptoms: A Systematic Review, Evidence-based Complementary Alternative Medicine, 2017: 5869315; Mechanisms Underlying Analgesic Properties of Terpenes and Minor Cannabinoids, National Center for Complementary Integrative Health.