" Skin is often the first organ in our body that shows the signs of ageing."
As the largest organ in our body, skin acts as a barrier between us and the external environment. Our skin protects our body from extreme temperatures, harmful elements and pathogens.
Skin Ageing Process
Due to the constant exposure to biological and environmental ageing factors, skin is often the first organ in our body that shows the signs of damage. Ageing happens when our skin can't renew all the damaged cells. The skin ageing process is hugely influenced by genetic predisposition, diet, lifestyle, environment and daily skincare routine.
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The Effects of Ageing on Skin Components
There are 3 major skin components known as collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid which provide a structure and give our skin its strength, elasticity and resilience. Ageing causes the degradation of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid; resulting in the appearance of wrinkles, lines, age spots, dry and sagging skin.
The 10 Best Anti-Ageing Ingredients to look for in skincare products
Studies showed that some skincare ingredients slow down and reverse the signs of ageing. These are the 10 best anti-ageing ingredients to boost the production of collagen, elastin, hyaluronic acid and other skin components:
1. Ultra-Low-Molecular-Weight Hyaluronic Acid
Hyaluronic acid plumps up the skin, reduces wrinkles and lines. However, not all hyaluronic acids are the same. For best results, look for the ultra-low-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid. With an average molecular-weight of less than 0.0000000000000000001 gram, this type of hyaluronic acid penetrates deeper into the skin to quickly restore the youthfulness of our skin.
2. 24-karat Gold Nanoparticles
Studies showed that 24-karat gold nanoparticles has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and skin healing properties. With a particle size less than 0.0000001 meter, gold nanoparticles bring active ingredients, nutrients and oxygen deeper into the skin to revitalise and renew cells.
" I created Bio-Collagen Serum as a birthday present to my mum. This supreme anti-ageing serum is now the heart of my own daily skincare routine."
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Naturally found in the skin of red grapes, resveratrol is a powerful antioxidant with greater anti-ageing properties than vitamin C, E, and A. Studies showed that resveratrol neutralises free radicals, prevents oxidative damage, diminishes wrinkles and pigmentation spots.
4. Coenzyme Q10
As we get older, our body produces less coenzyme Q10. Coenzyme Q10 provides energy and increases the skin's ability to regenerate and repair damaged cells. It also protects the skin from UV damage and pollution.
5. N-Acetyl Glucosamine
Naturally extracted from the outer shells of shellfish, studies showed that n-acetyl glucosamine reduces pigmentation spots and wrinkles while also increases the production of collagen in the skin by 33% and hyaluronic acid by 107%.
Unlike niacin, a type of vitamin B3 which is not suitable for sensitive skin; niacinamide is the gentle and soothing type of vitamin B3. Niacinamide reduces the signs of ageing on the skin and prevents the appearance of pigmentation spots. Studies showed that it increases the production of collagen, elastin and other proteins in the skin by up to 100%.
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7. L-Ascorbic Acid
L-ascorbic acid is the best and most potent form of vitamin C to boost the production of collagen in the skin. For best results, l-ascorbic acid should be mixed with vitamin E and ferulic acid.
8. Ferulic Acid
Studies showed that ferulic acid is a powerful antioxidant which stimulates skin cell renewal and protects collagen, elastin and other skin components from degradation.
9. Vitamin E
Vitamin E is one of the most versatile vitamins. It works synergistically with many other active ingredients to protect the skin from environmental damage and signs of ageing. Vitamin E boosts cellular renewal and speeds up skin healing.
10. Saccharide Isomerate
A 100% plant-derived carbohydrate complex, clinical data showed that saccharide isomerate increases the production of hyaluronic acid in the skin by 66% and reduces the appearance of wrinkles by 79.3%.
A Beauty Sleep in a bottle, working throughout the night to diminish skin imperfections, signs of ageing and blemishes learn more >>>
To find the right anti-ageng ritual for your skin, click on our Skincare Guide >>>
Henry Tianus is a multi-award-winning Anti-Ageing Scientist based in London, UK. Henry Tianus has been listed as The Recognised Institute Practitioner at The Institute of Traditional Herbal Medicine and Aromatherapy (ITHMA), London (UK) since 2005. Henry Tianus's articles have been read by people in more than 100 countries with USA and UK at the top of the list. Join Henry Tianus eNewsletter to receive the latest health and wellbeing tips.
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Scientific Sources: Topical Vitamin C and the Skin: Mechanisms of Action and Clinical Applications, The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, 2017 Jul, 10(7): 14–17; Efficacy of Vitamin C Supplementation on Collagen Synthesis and Oxidative Stress After Musculoskeletal Injuries: A Systematic Review, Orthopaedic Journal of Sport Medicine, 2018 Oct; 6(10): 2325967118804544; Vitamin C and Skin Health, Linus Pauling Institute, Oregon State University; Topical ascorbic acid on photoaged skin. Clinical, topographical and ultrastructural evaluation: double-blind study vs. placebo, Experimental Dermatology, 2003 Jun;12(3):237-44; The effect of Vitamin C on melanin pigmentation – A systematic review, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, 2020 May-Aug; 24(2): 374–382; N-Acetylglucosamine modulates function of the skin fibroblasts, International Journal of Cosmetic Science, 2013 Oct;35(5):472-6; Reduction in the appearance of facial hyperpigmentation by topical N-acetyl glucosamine, Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 2007 Mar, 6(1): 20-6; The effect of N-acetyl-glucosamine on stratum corneum desquamation and water content in human skin, Journal of Cosmetic Science, 2009 Jul-Aug, 60(4): 423-8; Low Molecular Weight Hyaluronic Acid: Its Effects on Epidermal Gene Expression & Skin Ageing, International Journal for Applied Science, English Edition, SOFW-Journal, 134, 11-2008; Niacinamide: a B vitamin that improves aging facial skin appearance, Dermatologic Surgery, 2005 Jul, 31 (7 Pt 2), Pages 860-865; Topical niacinamide reduces yellowing, wrinkling, red blotchiness, and hyperpigmented spots in aging facial skin, International Journal of Cosmetic Science, 2004 Oct, 26(5), Pages 231-238; Resveratrol protects human skin from damage due to repetitive ultraviolet irradiation, Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 27(3), January 2012; Multiplicity of effects and health benefits of resveratrol, ScienceDirect, 7April 2016; Resveratrol: a unique antioxidant offering a multi-mechanistic approach for treating aging skin, Journal of Drugs in Dermatology, 2013 Dec, 12(12): 1389-94; Anti-aging properties of resveratrol: review and report of a potent new antioxidant skin care formulation, Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 2008 Mar, 7(1): 2-7; Resveratrol-Enriched Rice Attenuates UVB-ROS-Induced Skin Aging via Downregulation of Inflammatory Cascades, Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2017: 8379539; Anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anti-tumor properties of gold nanoparticles, Journal of Pharmalogical Reports, 2017 Feb: 69(1): 119-129; Aging skin is functionally anaerobic: importance of coenzyme Q10 for anti aging skin care, Biofactors, 2008, 32(1-4): 245-55; Topical treatment with coenzyme Q10‐containing formulas improves skin's Q10 level and provides antioxidative effects, Biofactors, 2015 Nov 12, 41(6): 383–390.
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