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What Causes Sensitive Skin and How to Take Care of It

Stinging, burning, itching and redness, you name it! 

If you suffer from sensitive skin, you have overactive nerve endings in the top layer of your skin. This causes your skin to be more sensitive to sensations. Sensitive skin can affect everyone from babies to elderly people, regardless of the gender and ethnicity.

 

The Common Causes of Sensitive Skin

What causes overactive nerve endings in the top layer of the skin?

For some reasons, certain individuals have a weak skin barrier function. This can be either a lifelong or temporary condition. The weak skin barrier function can be easily broken down, exposing the nerve endings to external elements.

Apart from genetic conditions, there are some external factors that can weaken skin barrier function and cause skin sensitivity such as:

  • Sun exposure
  • Air pollution
  • Extreme (or changes in) temperatures including harsh weather
  • Poor quality of water including hard water, chlorine in swimming pools
  • Sleep deprivation and stress
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause or menstrual cycle
  • Dry skin conditions including dehydration
  • Harsh chemicals in household or skincare products
  • Foods that cause allergies

    How to Take Care of Sensitive Skin

    To take care of sensitive skin properly, you need to have a better understanding on how the skin works. The main focus should be in strengthening the skin barrier function and minimising the exposure to the commonly known triggers.

     

    3 Steps to Strengthen Your Skin Barrier Function

    1. Eat healthy

    A healthy diet should be the first step in sorting out health and skin issues. Make sure that your body gets enough protein and healthy fats. Protein and healthy fats help maintain a healthy skin barrier function. Read Best Foods for Healthy, Youthful Body and Skin for tips on a balanced diet.

    2. Avoid the commonly known triggers

    Limit the exposure to the commonly known triggers will allow more time for your skin to rebuild its weakened barrier function. Avoid any contact with household and skincare products that contain potential irritants. Avoid the use of commonly known skin irritants such as artificial perfume/fragrance, artificial colours, parabens, phenoxyethanol, alcohol denat, formaldehyde, phthalates, sodium laureth/lauryl ether sulfate

    3. Be gentle with your skin

    If you have sensitive skin, make sure that your hands are clean before you touch your face or other sensitive areas of your body. Use skincare products that contain certain ingredients that help calm and strengthen your skin. As a professional skincare formulator, I have 3 favourite ingredients for sensitive skin:

    • Allantoin

    Scientifically proven to have anti-irritating, soothing and rejuvenating properties; Allantoin helps protect sensitive skin from irritation and premature signs of ageing. It is one of the key bioactives in multi-award-winning Antioxidant Youthful Essence. Protect your sensitive skin from daily pollution and skin-irritants, spritz this anti-pollution hydrating mist all over the face few times a day or as often as necessary.

    • Saccharide Isomerate

    This 100% plant-derived, skin-identical complex has excellent soothing and hydrating properties that can last up to 72 hours. Saccharide Isomerate is one of the main ingredients in Rose Gold Antioxidant Youthful Serum. Formulated with 24-karat colloidal gold, rose extract, saccharide isomerate, allantoin, panthenol, cacay and prickly pear oil to help prevent premature skin ageing and reduce the existing signs of ageing. This overall skin serum is suitable for all skin types including sensitive skin and fragile skin around the eyes.

     

     

    • 24-karat Nano Gold

    Known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, Nano Gold is one of the main ingredients in award-winning haute couture skincare duo, Bio-Collagen Serum and Nano Gold Nourishing Cream. Due to its ultra-micro size, Nano Gold can penetrate deeper into the skin to help calm and rejuvenate sensitive skin.

    • Blue Chamomile

    Blue Chamomile contains Alpha Bisabolol and Bisabolol Oxides, the substances that have anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties. Blue Chamomile has been used to calm irritation for thousands years. It is one of the main ingredients in Bio-Renewal Face Oil.

    Recommended Article:

    Panthenol (Pro-Vitamin B5) Soothes and Hydrates Sensitive Skin. Read >>>

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    Bio-Renewal Face Oil, a rejuvenating radiance oil with blue chamomile, frankincense, coenzyme Q10, cacay and rosehip oil to boost skin radiance, even out complexion and minimise the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines and age spots.

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    Hair Loss Solution for Men and Women, a set of thinning hair treatment products to rejuvenate hair follicles and stimulates hair growth.

    Antioxidant Youthful Essence, a multi-award-winning Anti-Pollution Hydrating Mist with allantoin, panthenol, turmeric, ginkgo and blue chamomile essential oil to protect skin from free radicals and pollutants.

    Gentle Eye Cream with caffeine and rosehip oil to reduce signs of ageing and get rid of puffy eyes and dark circles.

    Flower Essence Hydra-Calming Toner with a synergistic blend of nine flower extracts to gently awaken the sense and instantly freshen tired skin.

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    Morning Dew Hydra-Soothing Cleansing Gel, a gentle comforting botanical face cleanser with pro-vitamin B5, palmarosa, ylang ylang, rose geranium, petitgrain, sweet orange and silver birch extracts to purify and gently awaken the skin.