Hyaluronic Acid is often listed as one of the primary ingredients in anti-ageing skincare products. Known for its smoothing and plumping effects, Hyaluronic Acid diminishes the appearance of wrinkles and lines while also adds volume to skin. However, not all Hyaluronic Acid is the same. By knowing which type is the most effective, it will help you to get the best out of Hyaluronic Acid.
Five Different Types of Hyaluronic Acid
Based on the size of its molecules, there are five different types of Hyaluronic Acid.
1. Ultra-Low-Molecular-Weight Hyaluronic Acid (Hyaluronic Acid ULMW)
With the molecular-weight of less than 6,000 daltons (1 dalton = 0.0000000000000000000000166 gram), Ultra-Low-Molecular-Weight Hyaluronic Acid is the most effective type of Hyaluronic Acid. With its ultra-nano particle size, it penetrates deeper into the skin. It plumps up the appearance of skin from within. Unlike other types of Hyaluronic Acid, Hyaluronic Acid ULMW doesn't turn into gel when mixed with water. It is by far the best form of hyaluronic acid.
Made from fermented plants through a patented enzymatic process, Hyaluronic Acid ULMW is the cutting-edge skincare ingredient. It is one of the active ingredients in both award-winning Bio-Collagen Serum and Bio-Collagen Ageless Cream. These two haute couture skincare formulas have been specially developed to rejuvenate, firm and lift the appearance of skin while also restore skin's radiance and elasticity.
2. Super-Low-Molecular-Weight Hyaluronic Acid (Hyaluronic Acid SLMW)
Hyaluronic Acid SLMW has a molecular-weight of less than 50,000 daltons, it is less effective than Ultra-Low-Molecular-Weight Hyaluronic Acid, however it is still much better than the other types.
3. Extra-Low-Molecular-Weight Hyaluronic Acid (Hyaluronic Acid ELMW)
Hyaluronic Acid ELMW has an average 110,000 daltons molecular weight. Due to size of its molecule, Hyaluronic Acid ELMW may turn into gel when it is mixed with water.
4. Low-Molecular-Weight Hyaluronic Acid (Hyaluronic Acid LMW)
Hyaluronic Acid LMW has an up to 1,000,000 daltons molecular weight. Due to comparatively big molecular size, Hyaluronic Acid LMW turned into gel when mixed with water.
5. High-Molecular-Weight Hyaluronic Acid (Hyaluronic Acid HMW)
Regarded as the standard Hyaluronic Acid, with the molecular-weight of up to 1,500,000 daltons; Hyaluronic Acid HMW has a tendency to clump when mixed with water. However, with the aid of a mixer, it turned into gel. Due to its molecular size, Hyaluronic Acid HMW can't penetrate deeper into the skin, nevertheless, it is still one of the excellent ingredients to boost skin's hydration levels.
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Scientific Sources: Low Molecular Weight Hyaluronic Acid: Its Effects on Epidermal Gene Expression & Skin Ageing, International Journal for Applied Science, English Edition, SOFW-Journal, 134, 11-2008.