Dry skin is a common skin problem across all ages. It causes tightness, itchiness and flakiness. Although it isn't usually a serious condition, it can be very uncomfortable.
The Common Causes of Dry Skin
The sebum production is controlled by testosterone hormone. Men produce ten times or even higher testosterone than women. This is the reason why men tend to have oilier skin than women. With age, the production of testosterone in both men and women declines. As a result, the older people get, the more likely to suffer from dry skin.
Poor eating habits and not drinking enough water can trigger dry skin. It is very important to make sure that you have a balanced diet and drink plenty of water everyday. Men need to drink 2.5 litre of water everyday, while women need about 2 litre of water a day.
3. External Factors
Cold temperature and low humidity can dry out your skin. More people suffer from dry skin conditions in winter.
Regular shaving and harsh chemicals in skincare products can make your skin more prone to dryness. Sodium Laureth/Lauryl Sulfate (commonly found in soaps, shampoos, face/body washes) and Benzoyl Peroxide (found in some acne medications) strip away skin's natural moisture. They cause a weakened skin barrier function and dry out skin.
Children and adults who are affected by eczema tend to suffer from dry skin conditions more often.
How to Care for Dry Skin
1. Eat Healthy Fats
Good, healthy fats are very good for your body and skin. Some fatty foods help improve the skin condition internally such as:
- Fatty fish (the best source of omega 3 fatty acids). Omega 3 6 9 fatty acids help strengthen the skin barrier function, so your skin becomes less prone to dryness.
- Avocado. Rich in healthy fats, avocado helps nourish your skin and make it more supple.
- Nuts. Like avocado, nuts contain good fats and vitamin E that help protect your skin from dryness and environmental damage.
2. Drink Water Frequently Throughout The Day
It is equally important that you drink enough water and frequently throughout the day. Women need at least 2 litre of water while men need 2.5 litre per day. Drinking water frequently throughout the day helps prevent dehydration.
3. Skincare Layering
Skincare product layering helps dry skin looks radiant all year round. Applying few layers of skincare products keep your skin supple, soft and healthy throughout the day.
My favourite products for dry skin are Neroli Antioxidant Cream, the award-winning dry skin restorative moisturiser and Chamomile & Cacay Oil, a 100% nourishing botanical face oil. To soothe dry skin and restore a healthy skin barrier function, mix 4 to 8 drops of the oil with 2 to 3 pumps of the cream, then gently massage into freshly cleansed skin after serum, morning and evening. This helps enhance the efficacy of the serum and reduce the premature signs of ageing commonly associated with dry skin.
Henry Tianus is a multi-award-winning Anti-Ageing Scientist based in London, UK. Read >>>
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