" During the shedding stage, the hair follicles rest completely for about 100 days before they grow hair again."
The average adult has between 90,000 and 150,000 hair follicles on their scalp. People with blonde hair have an average of 150,000 hair follicles and those with red hair have an average of 90,000 hair follicles while people with brown or black hair have around 100,000 to 110,000 hair follicles on the scalp.
The Hair Growth Cycle
Hair grows about half an inch per month or 6 inches per year. Your hair grows faster in warm weather. The warm weather increases the blood flow to hair follicles. There are more nutrients delivered to the scalp and hair follicles, hence hair grows stronger and faster. Spring and summer are the best times to boost hair growth. Rather than growing continuously, hair grows in three stages over a three-to-five year cycle.
1. Anagen (Growing) Stage
During the anagen stage, the cells at the hair root are dividing rapidly to form a new hair. In healthy individuals who don't suffer from hair loss, this new hair will grow continuously at about a half inch per month for 3 to 5 years.
2. Catagen (Transitional/Intermediate) Stage
At the end of the growing stage, the deeper part of hair follicle called papilla starts to collapse and the hair will fall off during this two-week transitional period.
3. Telogen (Resting/Shedding) Stage
During the shedding stage, the hair follicle rests completely for about 100 days. In average, up to 100 telogen hairs are shed everyday.
Hair Loss Mechanism
At any given time, around 90% of hairs on the scalp are at anagen stage while the remaining 10% are at catagen and telogen stage. It is normal to shed up to 100 hairs per day as they will grow back in time. Often, it is not the number of hair fall that causes thinning hair. Most of the times, it is the high number of dormant hair follicles that cause the hair on the scalp to thin.
Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is a powerful sex hormone, facial and body hair growth promoter known to adversely affect the hair growth cycle in some people, men and women. It shortens the anagen (growing) stage and lengthens the telogen (resting/shedding) stage of the hair. Dihydrotestosterone increases the number of dormant hair follicles. Over time it causes hair follicles to shrink and eventually can no longer grow hair. Without a proper treatment, it triggers thinning hair and subsequently baldness.
Due to higher dihydrotestosterone levels in their body, men are more likely to suffer from hair loss than women. Nevertheless, DHT can cause thinning hair in women too (Female Pattern Baldness).
How to Stop Hair Loss
It is difficult to stop hair loss completely, however, there are few things that you can do to reduce hair loss and boost hair growth. Scientifically, there are two effective ways to slow down the hair loss and promote hair growth:
1. Reduce The Effect of Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on Hair Follicles
Finasteride and alfatradiol are prescribed drugs to reduce DHT levels in the body. Due to the potential side effects including the permanent adverse effects, it is highly recommended to seek advice from medical experts before taking any of these drugs. Finasteride is known to potentially cause erectile dysfunction, anxiety and depression.
For a safe alternative to finasteride and alfatradiol, caffeine can be used to reduce the effects of dihydrotestosterone on hair follicles. A study published in the International Journal of Trichology suggests that the topical application of caffeine helps prevent dihydrotestosterone to cause the hair follicles to shrink. Another study showed that rosemary extract reduces dihydrotestosterone levels in hair follicles by up to 94.6%.
2. Stimulate Hair Growth
Hair follicles need to get enough nutrients to grow healthy hair. Minoxidil, niacinamide, menthol (peppermint), rosemary, cedarwood and thyme essential oils have been shown to revitalise hair follicles. Some studies even suggest that peppermint oil (menthol) can be more effective than minoxidil in stimulating hair growth. Menthol, the main active component of peppermint oil is thought to be capable of increasing the blood circulation in the scalp.
It is crucial to treat hair loss as early as possible in order to avoid baldness. When the hair loss has reached an advanced stage, it is not possible to fully restore the hair density.
" I used (Hair Growth) Serum every day for 30 days and my hair shedding has stopped. " Debra S learn more >>>
Treatment for Thinning Hair and Hair Loss
There has been growing number of people who experienced the adverse effects of finasteride and minoxidil. If you are looking for the alternative treatment products, Henry Tianus Hair Loss Solution formulas are free from minoxidil and finasteride. Henry Tianus Hair Loss Solution for Men and Women consists of two products that have been specially developed to reduce hair loss and stimulate hair growth.
1. Scalp Stimulator
This pre-shampoo hair loss treatment product has been formulated with rice bran, menthol, vitamin E, rosemary, cedarwood, thyme, lavender, ylang ylang and lemon essential oils to rejuvenate hair follicles and boost hair growth.
For best results, gently massage Scalp Stimulator to the affected area of the scalp. Leave it for 20 to 30 minutes then shampoo it off.
Be patience and consistent. Before hair follicles start growing new hair after hair fall, they rest for about 100 days. It is quite common to experience more hair fall when you just started using Scalp Stimulator as the catagen and telogen hair (hair that are no longer growing and about to fall) have to go first in order to speed up new hair growth. The hair fall will be reduced and new hair will be visible with time.
2. Hair Growth Serum
This hair follicle revitalising serum has been formulated with caffeine, niacinamide, menthol, rosemary, thyme, cedarwood and ylang ylang essential oils to energise and rejuvenate hair follicles.
For best results, gently massage Hair Growth Serum into the scalp every morning and evening, then style your hair as usual. With regular daily use, it helps strengthen hair roots and stimulate hair growth.
On average, hair grows about half an inch per month, therefore, I highly recommend to use Henry Tianus Hair Loss Solution everyday continuously for a minimum of 6 months. I have been using both Scalp Stimulator and Hair Growth Serum every day for years and my hair continues to grow stronger with time.
" After using so many products on the market, I tried this product. It’s two months now and I see hair growth. I found the product perfect. The customer support is brilliant. They are always in touch and answer you professionally. 100% recommended." Amir, Ireland learn more >>>
Henry Tianus is a multi-award-winning Anti-Ageing Scientist based in London, UK. Henry Tianus has been listed as The Recognised Institute Practitioner at The Institute of Traditional Herbal Medicine and Aromatherapy (ITHMA), London (UK) since 2005. Henry Tianus's articles have been read by people in more than 100 countries with US and UK at the top of the list. Join Henry Tianus eNewsletter to receive the latest health and wellbeing tips.
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The 6 Best Essential Oils To Stop Hair Loss and Regrow Hair
As an anti-ageing scientist who studied at The Institute of Traditional Herbal Medicine and Aromatherapy (ITHMA), London; I am very fond of essential oils. For the past 15 years, I have been developing and perfecting haircare formulas to slow down my own hereditary hair loss.
Caffeine Helps Prevent Baldness in Men and Women
In hair follicles, testosterone gets converted to dihydrotestosterone by the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase (5-AR). A study published in the International Journal of Trichology suggested that Caffeine may reduce the activity of 5-alpha-reductase. Hence, caffeine seems to help prevent the hair follicles from shrinking.
Rosemary Oil is as effective as Minoxidil for Androgenetic Alopecia
A comparison study between the hair-growth-boosting properties of Rosemary Oil and Minoxidil showed that rosemary is equally as effective as Minoxidil in promoting hair growth in people with androgenetic alopecia. Rosemary contains phytochemicals that help prevent the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone.
Peppermint Strengthens and Promotes Hair Growth
A study published in Toxicology Research suggested that peppermint oil is more effective than minoxidil in promoting hair growth. Peppermint oil has been shown to increase the number and the depth of hair follicles. After 4 weeks, Peppermint Oil improved the hair growth by 92% compared to 55% of Minoxidil.
The Potential Side Effects of Finasteride
According to Reuters (29-September-2019), U.S. Food and Drug Administration have received 5,000 complaints about the adverse sexual effects of finasteride from 2009 to 2018. 350 out of 5,000 men who reported these side effects were also suffering with suicidal thoughts. It was said that 50 of them committed suicide.
Rosemary Extract Reduces Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in Hair Follicles
A study published in the Phytotherapy Research showed that Rosemary extract inhibited the activity of 5-alpha-reductase by up to 94.6%. By inhibiting the action of enzyme 5-alpha-reductase in hair follicles, rosemary extract reduces dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in hair follicles that helps prevent androgenetic hair loss.
How Dihydrotestosterone Causes Hair Loss (Androgenetic Alopecia)?
Dihydrotestosterone causes hair follicles to shrink gradually. Over the times, hair appears visibly weaker, shorter and thinner. The term of androgenetic alopecia is used for a hair loss condition caused by androgen hormones, particularly dihydrotestosterone. Left untreated, this hair loss condition may cause baldness.
Baldness and The Increased Risk of Heart Disease in Men
Numerous studies with a total participant of 36,990 men showed that men with severe vertex baldness have a 48% higher risk of heart disease. A moderate vertex baldness was associated with a 36% increased risk of heart disease, while men with mild vertex baldness have a 18% higher risk of heart disease.
Diabetes Increases The Risk for Hair Loss
High Blood Sugar Levels trigger inflammation. Chronic inflammation is an autoimmune condition, the same type of condition that triggers alopecia areata. People who suffer from type 1 diabetes are at higher risk of suffering from alopecia areata, a hair loss condition characterised by smooth bald patches on the scalp.
Niacinamide (Nicotinamide) for Youthful Radiant Skin
Niacinamide boosts the production of collagen in the skin by up to 54%; while it also increases the production of elastin and skin proteins by up to 20% and 100%. A clinical study showed that Niacinamide visibly improved the appearance of ageing skin and helped prevent the appearance of age spots by up to 68%.
N-Acetyl Glucosamine: How To Reduce Age Spots and Hyperpigmentation
N-Acetyl Glucosamine is a nano peptide naturally extracted from the outer shells of shellfish. It penetrates deeper into the skin to reduce age spots, hyperpigmentation and other signs of ageing. Studies showed that it helps prevent the excess melanin production, boost hyaluronic acid synthesis and skin cell renewal.
The Best Vitamin C for Your Skin
Scientifically known as the purest and most potent form of vitamin C, L-ascorbic acid has a significantly higher bioactivity in the skin than vitamin C derivatives such as sodium ascorbyl phosphate, magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, ascorbyl palmitate, tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate, glyceryl ascorbate and ascorbyl glucoside.
Scientific Sources: Role of Caffeine in the Management of Androgenetic Alopecia, International Journal of Trichology, 2012 Jul-Sep, 4(3): 185–186; A pilot study evaluating the efficacy of topically applied niacin derivatives for treatment of female pattern alopecia, Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 2005 Dec, 4(4): 258-61; Randomized trial of aromatherapy. Successful treatment for alopecia areata, Archives of Dermatology, 1998 Nov, 134(11): 1349-52; Peppermint Oil Promotes Hair Growth without Toxic Signs, Toxicology Research, 2014 Dec, 30(4): 297–304; Promotion of hair growth by Rosmarinus officinalis leaf extract. Phytotherapy Research, 2013 Feb, 27(2): 212-7; Rosemary oil vs minoxidil 2% for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia: a randomized comparative trial, Skinmed (Dermatology for the Clinician), 2015 Jan-Feb, 13(1):15-21.